Preventive Health Screenings

Let Virginia Mason help you pay attention to prevention.

Would you know if you had cancer, high blood pressure or osteoporosis? Oftentimes the symptoms of these diseases and conditions go unnoticed or do not appear until it is too late. Virginia Mason Medical Center is committed to helping our patients find appropriate preventive screening and management for: breast cancer, cervical cancer, osteoporosis, chlamydia, colon cancer, hypertension, influenza, diabetes related diseases and conditions and more.

Click on your age group for health screening information:

Male Ages 16-18

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Male Ages 18-30

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Male Ages 31-39

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Male Ages 40-49

Colon Cancer Screening: Colonoscopy

Frequency
Discuss with your provider; dependent on risk

Why it's important?
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Male Ages 50-64

Colon Cancer Screening: Colonoscopy

Frequency
Discuss with your provider; dependent on risk

Why it's important?
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Male Ages 65 and Over

Colon Cancer Screening: Colonoscopy

Frequency
Discuss with your provider; dependent on risk

Why it's important?
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Pneumovax

Frequency
Once if you have never been vaccinated

Why it's important?
The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine helps protect against severe infections due to the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. The bacteria frequently causes meningitis and pneumonia in children, older adults and people with chronic illnesses.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Female Ages 16-18

Chlamydia Screening: chlamydia LCR urine or chlamydia swab

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Chlamydia symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain,
- Burning on urination,
- Painful intercourse,
- Vaginal discharge,
- Bleeding after intercourse

Since not all women experience symptoms, chlamydia screening sexually active women is necessary to diagnose and treat the condition.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's  important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Female Ages 18-30

Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap exam

Frequency
Every one to two years, depending on risk factors

Why it's important?
A Pap exam can detect cancerous or precancerous conditions of the cervix. Avoid scheduling your Pap exam while you have your period (are menstruating), because blood and cells from the uterus may affect the accuracy of the screening.

Chlamydia Screening: chlamydia LCR urine or chlamydia swab

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Chlamydia symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain,
- Burning on urination,
- Painful intercourse,
- Vaginal discharge,
- Bleeding after intercourse

Since not all women experience symptoms, chlamydia screening sexually active women is necessary to diagnose and treat the condition.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's  important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Female Ages 31-39

Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap exam

Frequency
Every one to two years, depending on risk factors

Why it's important?
A Pap exam can detect cancerous or precancerous conditions of the cervix. Avoid scheduling your Pap exam while you have your period (are menstruating), because blood and cells from the uterus may affect the accuracy of the screening.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's  important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Female Ages 40-49

Breast Cancer Screening: Mammogram

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Mammography is performed to screen healthy women for signs of breast cancer. It is also used to evaluate a woman who has symptoms of a breast disease, such as a lump, nipple discharge, breast pain, dimpling of the skin on the breast or retraction of the nipple.

Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap exam

Frequency
Every one to two years, depending on risk factors

Why it's important?
A Pap exam can detect cancerous or precancerous conditions of the cervix. Avoid scheduling your Pap exam while you have your period (are menstruating), because blood and cells from the uterus may affect the accuracy of the screening.

Colon Cancer Screening: Colonoscopy

Frequency
Discuss with your provider; dependent on risk

Why it's important?
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's  important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Female Ages 50-64

Breast Cancer Screening: Mammogram

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Mammography is performed to screen healthy women for signs of breast cancer. It is also used to evaluate a woman who has symptoms of a breast disease, such as a lump, nipple discharge, breast pain, dimpling of the skin on the breast or retraction of the nipple.

Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap exam

Frequency
Every one to two years, depending on risk factors

Why it's important?
A Pap exam can detect cancerous or precancerous conditions of the cervix. Avoid scheduling your Pap exam while you have your period (are menstruating), because blood and cells from the uterus may affect the accuracy of the screening.

Colon Cancer Screening: Colonoscopy

Frequency
Discuss with your provider; dependent on risk

Why it's important?
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's  important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.


Female Ages 65 and Over

Breast Cancer Screening: Mammogram

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Mammography is performed to screen healthy women for signs of breast cancer. It is also used to evaluate a woman who has symptoms of a breast disease, such as a lump, nipple discharge, breast pain, dimpling of the skin on the breast or retraction of the nipple.

Cervical Cancer Screening: Pap exam

Frequency
Discontinue at age 65

Why it's important?
Discontinuing cervical cancer screenings at age 65 should be discussed with your provider.

Osteoporosis Screening: Dexa/Bone Density

Frequency
Osteoporosis Screening: Dexa/Bone Density

Why it's important?
An estimated 10 million Americans have osteoporosis, as well as another 18 million who have low bone mass, or osteopenia, which may eventually lead to osteoporosis if not treated. As you age, calcium and phosphate may be reabsorbed back into the body from the bones, which makes the bone tissue weaker. This can result in brittle, fragile bones that are more prone to fractures, even without injury.

Colon Cancer Screening: Colonoscopy

Frequency
Discuss with your provider; dependent on risk

Why it's important?
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers. Such screening can detect changes that can be treated before symptoms develop. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.

Hypertension Screening: BP measurement

Frequency
Every visit; goal < 140/90

Why it's important?
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians. Smoking, obesity and diabetes are all risk factors for hypertension.

Pneumovax

Frequency
Once if you have never been vaccinated

Why it's important?
The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine helps protect against severe infections due to the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. The bacteria frequently causes meningitis and pneumonia in children, older adults and people with chronic illnesses.

Influenza Vaccine

Frequency
Annually; for high-risk patients

Why it's important?
Thousands of people in the United States die each year from the flu or its complications. Most of those who die are the elderly, young children or people with compromised immune systems.

Diabetes - Retinopathy Screening: Dilated eye exam

Frequency
Annually

Why it's important?
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-age Americans. People with both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. 

Diabetes - Nephropathy Screening: UMA

Frequency
Annually

Why it's  important?
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of sickness and death in persons with diabetes. It is the leading cause of long-term kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States, and often leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Diabetes - Blood Glucose: HbA1c

Frequency
Every six months; goal ≤ 7
What are normal blood glucose levels?

Why it's important?
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke.

Diabetes and other vascular disease - Hyperlipidemia: LDL

Frequency
Annually; goal < 100

Why it's important?
LDL carries cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body. Too much LDL, commonly called "bad cholesterol," can lead to cardiovascular disease.